Epistemology

Are You Alone Wise?: The Search for Certainty in the Early by Susan Schreiner

By Susan Schreiner

the subject of certitude is way debated this day. On one part, commentators resembling Charles Krauthammer urge us to accomplish "moral clarity." at the different, these like George Will contend that the best current danger to civilization is an way over certitude. to deal with this uncomfortable debate, Susan Schreiner turns to the intellectuals of early glossy Europe, a interval while idea used to be nonetheless fluid and had now not but been reified into the shape of rationality demanded by way of the eighteenth and 19th centuries.

Schreiner argues that Europe within the 16th century was once preoccupied with issues just like ours; either the will for sure bet -- in particular non secular walk in the park -- and warnings opposed to walk in the park permeated the sooner period. Digging underneath overt theological and philosophical difficulties, she tackles the underlying fears of the interval as she addresses questions of salvation, authority, the increase of skepticism, the outbreak of spiritual violence, the discernment of spirits, and the ambiguous dating among visual appeal and reality.

In her exam of the historical past of theological polemics and debates (as good as different genres), Schreiner sheds mild at the repeated evaluate of walk in the park and the habitual worry of deception. one of the texts she attracts on are Montaigne's Essays, the paranormal writings of Teresa of Avila, the works of Reformation fathers William of Occam, Luther, Thomas Muntzer, and Thomas extra; and the dramas of Shakespeare. the result's no longer a e-book approximately theology, yet quite concerning the method within which the fear with certitude made up our minds the theology, polemics and literature of an age.

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